Battery degradation

I’ve certainly learned a lot about Lion, battery voltage, and optimum charge levels. I’ve adjusted my plans as a result.
What is the origin of your graphic @Xavier_Jiang?

Just look up “battery discharge curve”. There is plenty of these done by labs from all over the world (some are included in certain battery specification page too) with different cells and sort. All typical Li-ion/LiPo will demonstrate this curve.

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11 posts were merged into an existing topic: Consistent Wake from Sleep Issues on Linux Edit:(5x Distros Tested)

Ye gods the thread discipline foo is weak in here… #IfIWereKing

The discussion on the total chaos of sleep states can be found in other threads.

Yes. Can I volunteer to be moderator? There are way too many posts that are basically out of place.

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Bee has said you can still apply here. The team of community moderators are doing their best to keep the forum clean, but I also know they work on the principle of “try not to get involved if you don’t HAVE to”.


My apologies taking time to split the topic, but it was not immediately obvious which of the many Linux sleep threads it should go into.

Also we try to do this sparingly. Some users may think we’re minimizing their issue or trying to hide it. So it’s best not to do it until it’s absolutely necessary.

If you see threads that should be merged, you can always bring them to our attention by flagging them and selecting “other”. We will take it into consideration, bearing in mind the above.


I’m running a batch for i71165G7, 64GB RAM, Crucial P5 Plus 2TB SSD on Windows 11 Pro, with BIOS 3.07 and I am showing the following from the Windows battery report. I have limited the charge to 80% in the BIOS since that feature has become available it is plugged in most of the time. ~11% drop in battery capacity seems a bit excessive for a 1-year-old battery.


11% is fine for a year. It’s more likely 9% see links below and the expectation is that it may loose 20% in the two years on warranty

Otherwise please see this topic with more detail

There is also this

Else if you have had Windows 11 from day one you will have a record of the actual battery capacity at start which may have only been lower than the Design capacity.

I had 7% after 3 months :slight_smile:

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I’m in Canada, I only get a 1-year warranty.

Yes the One year American brand ??

Still If you read those links, especially mine, the last one, you will see the detail that a) It wasn’t as designed so knock 2 % off and you have 9% in a year and that’s about expected

b) do a rundown and full charge as I have done twice and in my case the wear decreased each time, though it took a few days to show.

Thanks, I will take a look at the links. It would be nice if they were able to get a battery with higher density, however on the upside it only takes 3 minutes to pop in a new battery. Sure beats my old Surface Pro 4 for repairability. LOL


I miss 5 seconds for a battery swap.

This is one of the handful of Intel 11th gen laptops still with modular battery:
FZ-55 MK2

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I have a Framework AMD Ryzen 5. The laptop arrived on Dec 2023, which is less than 3 month old at this point, and the battery is already at 96.7%. Is this normal behavior? Because if the battery continues with this trajectory, it will be below 65% in 3 years.

I have tried my best to conserve the battery: the charge limit is set to 85%, and I typically stop charging when the charge reaches upper 70%. Is there anything more I can do?

I highly recommend you check this thread for more details. Not only do the batteries arrive with slightly less than 100% wear from the factory, but you also need to do a full discharge and recharge cycle to calibrate the battery before you can have an accurate read on your battery wear percentage.


Following from @Azure: If you see my post above that links to my data for the first two years you will see I frequently ‘calibrate’ the battery software and it makes quite a difference.

Notably as of Dec 23 and the complicit upheaval co-incident with this unchristian wear I failed to take daily records and things have changed.

If I get back to monitoring on I will update, but briefly :

  • I charge to around 78% and it is nearly always plugged in

  • One a month I do a full discharge to auto power off, wait a few hours and use the remaining 5% then charge to 100% and keep it that way for a day at least.

  • My cycle count is less than 90 after nearly two years, with a marked increase of 10 lately :slight_smile:

  • I used the laptop for about 6 hours over the first 18 months and less since last summer (4 to 5)

  • As I type this the wear is 5.8% which is high given the predictions I have from my own data

  • at nearly 6% for less than 100 cycles equates to 60% for a 1000 cycles and the specs say 20% for 1000

Don’t forget time decays the capacity, so the % wear will exponentially increase with just time and there is no indication how the 1000 cycles for 20% was achieved.

All the best


A few things about a new battery incorporated in a working laptop
The battery may, as mentioned, not be 100% due to:

  • Manufacturing tolerances, so maybe only 99% capacity
  • Testing the laptop especially if with OS that has to be preliminary checked, to the degree that Windows may be setup and then the account wiped, using a cycle or so of battery maybe, if not run from mains
  • Checking all works from battery and not mains
  • I have also read that some batteries can take as many as 20 to 30 cycles to get the chemistry optimised.

Given the above I have a starting battery wear of 3.1% that went down to 2.9 after a month of quite a few cycles.

Only after that, some year of the above mentioned regime, did I get a reading of 1.9% wear

So the readings are all a bit down to perspective.

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Coming from the RC Airplanes/Drones world, I had a participated in the effort to identify good batteries, and how to handle them.
Some of the results are kept here (for my own usage: RC Batteries: Status).
What we figured out can be resumed in the following points:

  1. The highest resistance of a cell in a battery pack will determine the overall battery yeld.
  2. The temperature at which a battery is charge and stored will determine if it will deteriorate fast or not.

To 1: The weakest cell will be detected by the charging electronics, and the charger will charge the pack according to the specs of that cell. Also, if the resistance is high, it will cause more heat depending on the moved current. Remember that we (RC World) use the batteries with 60C to 90C - means, if we pull 90Amps at 16V out of the battery. With these currents, it happens that a battery just starts to burn inside the plane/drone. In laptops however, I doubt this will happen as the involved currents are way lower, but it can and did actually happen. You get the point.

To 2: The storage charge and temperature has always been an issue. The battery cell depending on the internal resistance, that internal resistance depends largely on temperature. The higher the temp, the higher the internal resistance. On top of that, the electrolytes can only hold a specific charge at a specific temperature temperature (all linked to the internal resistance too). If you charge a pack at 20⁰C temperature, then go outside where there is 0⁰C temperature, you will destroy your battery very fast. Because at 0⁰C, the battery cannot hold the same charge as at 20⁰C. That is also the reason the battery packs starts to grow in volume and look deformed.

These elements may not be visible immediately on low power consumption devices (as laptops etc.), but with RC Airplanes and 6S 90C battery packs, the effects can be visible after the 3rd day flying at 0⁰C. But the chemistry that happens in the RC batteries happens also in the laptop batteries.

In the end, never fully charge a device’s battery when you intend to take it outside in very cold temperatures. Especially if you leave it in the care and leave for lunch.
Best is to really charge the battery to 85%, then go outside.
For storage, we tend to store all at 3.8V for LiPo batteries. At that temp, the battery is able to handle most temperatures.

Yes and as such different battery chemistries are use in LiBs, as a high discharge rate, which is required for a UAV is not for a phone, but for a laptop that may drain 3A from a 16V battery, it is a query. I wonder what the framework battery chemistry is?

You have to remember that even when sitting idle, lithium batteries do wear out. It’s not like “keeping a battery at 50% for ten years, (like for instance plugged to a maintenance circuit)”, will keep it anything but new.

The degradation is also non-linear. I have 33% wear on a 10-year pack from Thinkpad.

Wouldn’t hurt to know, although likely going to be a trade secret. However knowing where they sourced the cells could be helpful.

Do we know if there is a way to stop the battery from charging right away?

For example if I set threshold to 80% and run a cpu intensive task, even with the 65w power adapter installed I see the battery fluctuate between discharging and charging. i.e. 79% for a second, then 80% charged, then 79% a few seconds later for a second, etc.

Would this negatively affect battery over long term? (My 65 watt framework adapter is going through steamdeck dock. I will try direct connection to see if same behavior…)

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