[RESPONDED] Steam won't launch on Dedicated GPU

Ubuntu 24.04

I downloaded and installed steam from the .deb on their website. I’d run into issues before with using steam from a flatpak or similar, but have generally had good luck with .deb on my desktop.

For some reason after the initial launch steam crashes and just lives in the system tray. The only way I can get it to launch properly is with steam in terminal, or by right clicking and hitting Launch using Integrated Graphics Card.

I’ve tried the suggestions listed here but they did not work for me. Is there any way I can either force steam to run on the integrated graphics, or maybe make it not crash on the dedicated GPU?

Always check our guides, first. :wink:

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I appreciate the response, but I did look at this and follow this while I was setting this up. It’s a slightly different issue. The games themselves launch, and I’ve used that launch option to launch them on the dGPU. That all works fine.

The issue however is that the steam client tries to launch on the dGPU as well, which I don’t really care about, except it doesn’t launch and instead crashes. If I click steam in the dock or in the Show Apps menu, it flashes on the screen, and then is only visible in the system tray in the top right corner. None of the options do anything in the system tray except for Exit Steam. That is the issue, is the steam client crashing on launch.

I have found two workarounda though, by right clicking the steam icon and selecting Launch using Integrated Graphics Card, the steam client launches fine, and my games launch on the dGPU still and I’ve verified it with the AppImage in the article that you linked. The other way is through terminal, with the steam command. For some reason that launches just fine as well.

So, where am at now is trying to resolve one or both of the following

  1. Why is the steam client crashing on the dGPU
  2. How can I get steam to launch on integrated GPU by default so I don’t have to right click and select that option every time I want to launch steam, or launch through the terminal

Thank you in advance for the help

This is Steam bug. New steam UI does not open if run with DRI_PRIME=1 · Issue #9383 · ValveSoftware/steam-for-linux · GitHub
Try turn off GPU accelerated rendering in web views in Steam settings.

Steam Is starting on dgpu because it is configured to do so in its .desktop file. Ii should be located in /usr/share/applications.

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If I start steam with the Dedicated GPU, will this be carried through for all games that are then started? Then it would make sense to start Steam via the dedicated GPU?

Interesting, I don’t see anything in the .desktop file for DRI_PRIME=1. Disabling GPU acceleration for web view in steam seemed to fix it for now though. I’m still curious as to my .desktop file. Unless I’m missing something it’s not there

[Desktop Entry]
Name=Steam
Comment=Application for managing and playing games on Steam
Comment[pt_BR]=Aplicativo para jogar e gerenciar jogos no Steam
Comment[bg]=Приложение за ръководене и пускане на игри в Steam
Comment[cs]=Aplikace pro spravování a hraní her ve službě Steam
Comment[da]=Applikation til at håndtere og spille spil på Steam
Comment[nl]=Applicatie voor het beheer en het spelen van games op Steam
Comment[fi]=Steamin pelien hallintaan ja pelaamiseen tarkoitettu sovellus
Comment[fr]=Application de gestion et d'utilisation des jeux sur Steam
Comment[de]=Anwendung zum Verwalten und Spielen von Spielen auf Steam
Comment[el]=Εφαρμογή διαχείρισης παιχνιδιών στο Steam
Comment[hu]=Alkalmazás a Steames játékok futtatásához és kezeléséhez
Comment[it]=Applicazione per la gestione e l'esecuzione di giochi su Steam
Comment[ja]=Steam 上でゲームを管理&プレイするためのアプリケーション
Comment[ko]=Steam에 있는 게임을 관리하고 플레이할 수 있는 응용 프로그램
Comment[no]=Program for å administrere og spille spill på Steam
Comment[pt_PT]=Aplicação para organizar e executar jogos no Steam
Comment[pl]=Aplikacja do zarządzania i uruchamiania gier na platformie Steam
Comment[ro]=Aplicație pentru administrarea și jucatul jocurilor pe Steam
Comment[ru]=Приложение для игр и управления играми в Steam
Comment[es]=Aplicación para administrar y ejecutar juegos en Steam
Comment[sv]=Ett program för att hantera samt spela spel på Steam
Comment[zh_CN]=管理和进行 Steam 游戏的应用程序
Comment[zh_TW]=管理並執行 Steam 遊戲的應用程式
Comment[th]=โปรแกรมสำหรับจัดการและเล่นเกมบน Steam
Comment[tr]=Steam üzerinden oyun oynama ve düzenleme uygulaması
Comment[uk]=Програма для керування іграми та запуску ігор у Steam
Comment[vi]=Ứng dụng để quản lý và chơi trò chơi trên Steam
Exec=/usr/bin/steam %U
Icon=steam
Terminal=false
Type=Application
Categories=Network;FileTransfer;Game;
MimeType=x-scheme-handler/steam;x-scheme-handler/steamlink;
Actions=Store;Community;Library;Servers;Screenshots;News;Settings;BigPicture;Friends;
PrefersNonDefaultGPU=false
X-KDE-RunOnDiscreteGpu=true

[Desktop Action Store]
Name=Store
Name[pt_BR]=Loja
Name[bg]=Магазин
Name[cs]=Obchod
Name[da]=Butik
Name[nl]=Winkel
Name[fi]=Kauppa
Name[fr]=Magasin
Name[de]=Shop
Name[el]=ΚΑΤΑΣΤΗΜΑ
Name[hu]=Áruház
Name[it]=Negozio
Name[ja]=ストア
Name[ko]=상점
Name[no]=Butikk
Name[pt_PT]=Loja
Name[pl]=Sklep
Name[ro]=Magazin
Name[ru]=Магазин
Name[es]=Tienda
Name[sv]=Butik
Name[zh_CN]=商店
Name[zh_TW]=商店
Name[th]=ร้านค้า
Name[tr]=Mağaza
Name[uk]=Крамниця
Name[vi]=Cửa hàng
Exec=steam steam://store

[Desktop Action Community]
Name=Community
Name[pt_BR]=Comunidade
Name[bg]=Общност
Name[cs]=Komunita
Name[da]=Fællesskab
Name[nl]=Community
Name[fi]=Yhteisö
Name[fr]=Communauté
Name[de]=Community
Name[el]=Κοινότητα
Name[hu]=Közösség
Name[it]=Comunità
Name[ja]=コミュニティ
Name[ko]=커뮤니티
Name[no]=Samfunn
Name[pt_PT]=Comunidade
Name[pl]=Społeczność
Name[ro]=Comunitate
Name[ru]=Сообщество
Name[es]=Comunidad
Name[sv]=Gemenskap
Name[zh_CN]=社区
Name[zh_TW]=社群
Name[th]=ชุมชน
Name[tr]=Topluluk
Name[uk]=Спільнота
Name[vi]=Cộng đồng
Exec=steam steam://url/SteamIDControlPage

[Desktop Action Library]
Name=Library
Name[pt_BR]=Biblioteca
Name[bg]=Библиотека
Name[cs]=Knihovna
Name[da]=Bibliotek
Name[nl]=Bibliotheek
Name[fi]=Kokoelma
Name[fr]=Bibliothèque
Name[de]=Bibliothek
Name[el]=Συλλογή
Name[hu]=Könyvtár
Name[it]=Libreria
Name[ja]=ライブラリ
Name[ko]=라이브러리
Name[no]=Bibliotek
Name[pt_PT]=Biblioteca
Name[pl]=Biblioteka
Name[ro]=Colecţie
Name[ru]=Библиотека
Name[es]=Biblioteca
Name[sv]=Bibliotek
Name[zh_CN]=库
Name[zh_TW]=收藏庫
Name[th]=คลัง
Name[tr]=Kütüphane
Name[uk]=Бібліотека
Name[vi]=Thư viện
Exec=steam steam://open/games

[Desktop Action Servers]
Name=Servers
Name[pt_BR]=Servidores
Name[bg]=Сървъри
Name[cs]=Servery
Name[da]=Servere
Name[nl]=Servers
Name[fi]=Palvelimet
Name[fr]=Serveurs
Name[de]=Server
Name[el]=Διακομιστές
Name[hu]=Szerverek
Name[it]=Server
Name[ja]=サーバー
Name[ko]=서버
Name[no]=Tjenere
Name[pt_PT]=Servidores
Name[pl]=Serwery
Name[ro]=Servere
Name[ru]=Серверы
Name[es]=Servidores
Name[sv]=Servrar
Name[zh_CN]=服务器
Name[zh_TW]=伺服器
Name[th]=เซิร์ฟเวอร์
Name[tr]=Sunucular
Name[uk]=Сервери
Name[vi]=Máy chủ
Exec=steam steam://open/servers

[Desktop Action Screenshots]
Name=Screenshots
Name[pt_BR]=Capturas de tela
Name[bg]=Снимки
Name[cs]=Snímky obrazovky
Name[da]=Skærmbilleder
Name[nl]=Screenshots
Name[fi]=Kuvankaappaukset
Name[fr]=Captures d'écran
Name[de]=Screenshots
Name[el]=Φωτογραφίες
Name[hu]=Képernyőmentések
Name[it]=Screenshot
Name[ja]=スクリーンショット
Name[ko]=스크린샷
Name[no]=Skjermbilder
Name[pt_PT]=Capturas de ecrã
Name[pl]=Zrzuty ekranu
Name[ro]=Capturi de ecran
Name[ru]=Скриншоты
Name[es]=Capturas
Name[sv]=Skärmdumpar
Name[zh_CN]=截图
Name[zh_TW]=螢幕擷圖
Name[th]=ภาพหน้าจอ
Name[tr]=Ekran Görüntüleri
Name[uk]=Скріншоти
Name[vi]=Ảnh chụp
Exec=steam steam://open/screenshots

[Desktop Action News]
Name=News
Name[pt_BR]=Notícias
Name[bg]=Новини
Name[cs]=Zprávy
Name[da]=Nyheder
Name[nl]=Nieuws
Name[fi]=Uutiset
Name[fr]=Actualités
Name[de]=Neuigkeiten
Name[el]=Νέα
Name[hu]=Hírek
Name[it]=Notizie
Name[ja]=ニュース
Name[ko]=뉴스
Name[no]=Nyheter
Name[pt_PT]=Novidades
Name[pl]=Aktualności
Name[ro]=Știri
Name[ru]=Новости
Name[es]=Noticias
Name[sv]=Nyheter
Name[zh_CN]=新闻
Name[zh_TW]=新聞
Name[th]=ข่าวสาร
Name[tr]=Haberler
Name[uk]=Новини
Name[vi]=Tin tức
Exec=steam steam://open/news

[Desktop Action Settings]
Name=Settings
Name[pt_BR]=Configurações
Name[bg]=Настройки
Name[cs]=Nastavení
Name[da]=Indstillinger
Name[nl]=Instellingen
Name[fi]=Asetukset
Name[fr]=Paramètres
Name[de]=Einstellungen
Name[el]=Ρυθμίσεις
Name[hu]=Beállítások
Name[it]=Impostazioni
Name[ja]=設定
Name[ko]=설정
Name[no]=Innstillinger
Name[pt_PT]=Definições
Name[pl]=Ustawienia
Name[ro]=Setări
Name[ru]=Настройки
Name[es]=Parámetros
Name[sv]=Inställningar
Name[zh_CN]=设置
Name[zh_TW]=設定
Name[th]=การตั้งค่า
Name[tr]=Ayarlar
Name[uk]=Налаштування
Name[vi]=Thiết lập
Exec=steam steam://open/settings

[Desktop Action BigPicture]
Name=Big Picture
Exec=steam steam://open/bigpicture

[Desktop Action Friends]
Name=Friends
Name[pt_BR]=Amigos
Name[bg]=Приятели
Name[cs]=Přátelé
Name[da]=Venner
Name[nl]=Vrienden
Name[fi]=Kaverit
Name[fr]=Amis
Name[de]=Freunde
Name[el]=Φίλοι
Name[hu]=Barátok
Name[it]=Amici
Name[ja]=フレンド
Name[ko]=친구
Name[no]=Venner
Name[pt_PT]=Amigos
Name[pl]=Znajomi
Name[ro]=Prieteni
Name[ru]=Друзья
Name[es]=Amigos
Name[sv]=Vänner
Name[zh_CN]=好友
Name[zh_TW]=好友
Name[th]=เพื่อน
Name[tr]=Arkadaşlar
Name[uk]=Друзі
Name[vi]=Bạn bè
Exec=steam steam://open/friends

Set the first to true and the second to false. Log out of the computer and log back in.
Steam updates might sometimes revert the change.

I think both should be set to false.

PrefersNonDefaultGPU=false
X-KDE-RunOnDiscreteGpu=false

Are you using GNOME?

Second look, yes, they should both be false. That said, I assume the second flag is for KDE desktop and won’t be read by Gnome. I’m on Fedora Gnome, but it’s all the same problem and same Steam bug.
I just tested the PrefersNonDefaultGPU flag both ways, and it still bugs out when set to true.
Don’t forget to log out on the computer (not the Steam account–log out of your user account) and log back in. It only reads the file on login.