There are many threads on linux battery life. I think we should probably have a wiki page with the relevant information. I’ve dug out some relevant bits from various threads.
The idle power usage can be tuned down to 2.5W by
$ sudo powertop --auto-tune
This can be enabled as a one-shot on some distributions via systemd service file (via @IPGentlemann)
$ sudo systemctl enable powertop
It is also necessary to configure TLP with the settings:
After setting these two items, on the lowest brightness idle you will see the CPU hit C8 states on the second tab of powertop and the overall usage be roughly 2.5W if you have a single DIMM. Without ASPM enabled, the power usage will be between 3-4W.
Note for Fedora users: Fedora workstation comes with
power-profiles-daemonby default. While simpler than tlp, it is less powerful, and directly conflicts with it. It is anecdotally recommended you disable PPD by running
tlp startto see it’s recommendations for disabling. tlp vs. power-profiles-daemon - Reddit
Stock, the CPU should be able to reach C8 state, with PSR off. With PSR on the CPU should reach C9/C10. (PSR works when the image on the screen is static, so not when a video is playing on screen, flashing notifications, etc.). Battery Life? - #63 by Brett_Kosinski
There are three major paths to improving suspend battery life:
- Enable hibernation, which requires some involved setup, but results in behavior similar to Windows.
- Use “deep” sleep instead of “s2idle”, which reduces suspend power draw at the tradeoff of longer time required to resume.
nvme.noacpi=1in your grub kernel parameters, which results in s2idle suspend battery life that is similar to “deep” on recent kernels without taking the resume time tradeoff. See here for instructions on changing kernel parameters.
On kernel >= 5.14 (such as Fedora 35), the PSR disablement is no longer necessary. The enabled PSR helps to save battery life.
If PSR is enabled on pre-5.14 kernels, there may be stuttering. To remove PSR see Periodic stuttering on fresh gnome.40 wayland install on Arch Linux - #6 by William_Light
- Improving Linux battery life, enabling PSR by default, testers wanted - Hans' hacking log — LiveJournal
- Fedora Linux 35 (Fedora 35) on the Framework Laptop
- Set fstab options for disks to be noatime or relatime [From @Brett_Kosinski ]
I’ve unscientifically noticed that pipewire appears to use less power than pulseaudio. The following 3 daemons need to be running for a drop-in replacement for pulseaudio.
HDMI and SD Card expansions appear to be using 1W whether or not they are in use. There appears to be a fix with autosuspend or perhaps with a newer bios?
Note that larger quantities and higher speeds (e.g. 3200 instead of 2666) of memory will result in higher active, idle, and suspend power consumption. There is a detailed study on this here: [Battery Life] Impact of RAM / memory configuration + extra data
Note that the vPro version of AX210 (or other Intel WiFi modules) may have power management issues in Linux.
5.13 uses less power than 5.12 (approximately 0.5W)
I’ve unscientifically noticed that it is 3W rather than 2.5W idle.
about:configin the address bar and hit enter.
- Enable these Flags under chrome://flags
Temporarily unexpire M90 flags, override software rendering list, GPU rasterization, Hardware-accelerated video decode & Zero-copy rasterizer
- Go to your
~/.config directoryand make a
chromium-flags.conf(whichever you use) file.
- Paste the following and save.
REFER TO THIS ARCH THREAD ON THE CURRENT FLAGS NEEDED FOR CHROME / CHROMIUM.
FOR VERIFYING GPU USAGE
- Run the command
sudo intel_gpu_top, play a 4k video and check whether the
Videosection is above 0.00%
- Archwiki - Firefox
- Archwiki - Chromium
- Updated Guide on how to get hardware acceleration working on Chrome and chromium based browsers.
Bios changes are required to be exposed for this to be available.